What is Commercial banking?
Commercial banking is a necessary process or occupation within the world of finance. Commercial banks are institutions that act as an intermediary toprovide numerous services to both individual customers and large businesses.
The various roles within the field of commercial banking include: providing loans, transaction, money market and savings accounts to individual customers and big businesses.
As a result of legislation, commercial bankingis held separately from investment banking; these separate financial institutions are regulated differently and placed under varying separate ownership according to the law of the United States; thus the term “commercial banking” refers to a financial institution that deals solely with deposits and loans from big businesses or corporations.
The Fundamental Roles within Commercial banking:
A commercial banking is a fundamental intermediary that will provide their customers with the following banking activities:
Commercial bankingenables a customer to receive and deliver payments through telegraphic transfers, internet banking services, or EFTPOS.
Commercial banking may issue bank drafts and banking checks
Commercial banking may provide lending through the installments and creations of loans or through overdrafts.
Commercial drafts accept money deposited by their customers—typically either individual consumers or big businesses.
Commercial banking will provide their customers with documentary, a standby letter of credit, performance bonds, guarantees, underwriting commitments, as well as other forms of off balance sheet exposures.
Commercial banking may offer customers the ability to store their funds or documents in safety deposit boxes.
Larger commercial banks may partake in commercial banking methods to underwrite bonds, and develop markets in currency, interest rates, and credit-based securities. That being said, more modern techniques aligned withcommercial banking will typically have an investment bank arm that will coordinate activities aligned with investment banks.
A commercial banking will sell, distribute, or mediate insurance, unit trusts, and other similar financial products with or without the advice of insurance companies.
Types of Loans Offered through Commercial banking:
The process of commercial banking will offer secured loans, where the borrower will pledge one of his or her assets (for example their home or car) as a form of collateral for the loan.
Commercial banking will also offer mortgage loans, which are a traditional type of debt instrument, used to purchase real estate. Under the creation of a mortgage loan, the funds offered are used by the individual to finance the purchase of a home or property.
In turn, the commercial banking is given a line of security, meaning a lien on the title to the house, until the mortgage obligation is paid off in full. If the borrower defaults on the mortgage, the bank has the legal right to repossesses the home and sell it on the open market to recover the funds owed in the mortgage obligation.
Lastly, a commercial banking may also offer an unsecured loan, which is a type of monetary loan that is not secured against the borrower’s assets. These types of loans are marketed under different guises including: personal loans, credit card debts, bank overdrafts, corporate bonds, or other lines of personal credit.